Prognosis for Ebola Virus Patients
Ebola has a high mortality rate, often estimated to be between 25 and 90 percent. As of September 2014, the World Health Organization has placed the overall fatality rate at 50 percent. Early diagnosis and effective treatment, however, can greatly improve the chances of survival.
Prognosis of Ebola Virus Patients
The Ebola virus is one of the viruses in the filoviridae category of virus, and it is a virus that horror-filled tales of biological warfare are made of. The word “Ebola” invokes fear of the highest order in patients and medical professions alike. This could be attributed to the fact that there is no known cure for the infection and because typical antibiotics do not work to fight it, or it could be because of the devastating effects the virus has on the body.
To date, there are five strains of the virus but only four human strains. The Ebola virus is transmitted to humans via contact with infectious bodily fluid as well as through animal materials. While the virus is concentrated in Africa at epidemic levels, there have been cases diagnosed in America as well. Physicians will normally advise their patients not to travel to places where deadly viruses are concentrated, yet, in the event that an individual is required to travel to those places, physicians advise that they wear protective clothing such as gloves, gowns, and protective masks.
Initially, for Ebola virus patients, the symptoms seem to mirror those of a bad cold or the flu. With fatigue, chills, fever and sore throat as the most prevalent early symptoms, it can sometimes be tough to diagnose the disease until later phases. Some of the symptoms that manifest during the later stages of the disease include continuous bleeding from the eyes, ears and nose, seizures, coma, and genital swelling.
The Ebola virus is considered a hemorrhagic fever because of the severe bleeding that it causes. Medical treatment usually requires that blood transfusions be administered due to the significant amount of blood lost. Patients may also be administered fluids.
The only hope for Ebola virus patients is for potentially infected people to contact their doctor immediately if they have recently taken a trip to Africa. Physicians rely heavily on an early diagnosis in patients in order to prolong their lifespan and avoid death.
For more information on the Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola virus) or the prognosis for Ebola virus patients, it is imperative to speak with an experienced physician.