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Most Common Reasons for Tooth Extractions

Dentists and Dental Procedures

Tooth extractions are a common procedure for many people throughout the country. There are several reasons for a tooth extraction, such as severe disease and preparing for radiation treatments, in addition to impacted wisdom teeth, which occur frequently. When visiting a dentist for tooth extractions, it is important to know about any potential repercussions, since infection and complications can occur occasionally. If you think you may need an extraction, be sure to consult with your dentist.

Reasons for Tooth Extractions

Following are several common reasons for extractions:

  • Severe decay or infection: decay and infection are the most common reasons for non-third-molar extractions and comprise about 70 percent of tooth extractions.
  • Extra teeth: these can block other teeth from growing in and require a dentist to remove the extra teeth to avoid crowding, as crowding can create extra pressure and even fracture or break the crowded teeth.
  • Disease: severe gum disease can affect the structures of your mouth and gums adversely and may cause your teeth to become too loose for restoration of any kind.
  • Preparation for braces: if you are planning to have braces or any other orthodontic treatment, a dentist may need to extract teeth to make room for the braces.
  • Impacted teeth: this is when your wisdom teeth grow into other teeth as they emerge because they do not have enough space. Typically, wisdom teeth can impact other teeth and can grow in horizontally or into other molars.
  • Radiation treatment: if you are receiving radiation treatment, a dentist may need to remove some teeth if they are in the radiation field, as damage is likely to occur otherwise.

Types of Tooth Extractions

Following are the two main types of tooth extractions:

Simple Extraction

A simple extraction is a type of tooth extraction where a dentist, under local anesthetic, uses forceps to rock a tooth to break up periodontal ligaments and force it out of your gums. This method uses slow, steady pressure to guide the tooth out.

Surgical Extraction

Surgical extraction is necessary when a dentist cannot reach the affected tooth easily. This can occur if a tooth breaks under your gum line or if it does not fully break through your gum line. Surgical extractions generally require an incision in your gums and the dentist splits the tooth into multiple pieces to make removal easier.

Tooth extractions may be necessary for several different reasons, such as preventing the development of disease or damage. You might also need an extraction if you are preparing for radiation treatment, since radiation can kill teeth very quickly. You should keep in mind that extractions may not be necessary for your specific circumstance, so be sure to consult with a professional for all available options. If you are experiencing dental pain or believe you need a tooth extraction, see a dental professional immediately.

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