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Paraiba Tourmaline

Jewlery and Jewelers
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Paraiba Tourmaline is a cupriferous tourmaline that originates from the Brazilian Mina de Batalha. These stones are small, precious and very rare. It is available in turquoise/green tones and is unique among gemstones for its vivid color. Paraiba tourmaline was not discovered until the mid 1980s. The stone was discovered by Heitor Dimas Barbosa who hade been diligently searching the Brazilian hills for years. Paraiba tourmaline gets its unique color due to its copper and magnesium content.

Paraiba tourmalines are usually quite small because of the fact that the cupriferous tourmaline crystals in Paraiba were almost all in fragments when they were discovered. So you are unlikely to find a jeweler with large stones. Over the paste few decades tourmalines have gained popularity and are among the most sough after and most expensive of all gemstones.

Tourmaline has a very broad spectrum of colors including red, pink, yellow, green and blue. The ancient Egyptians believed that this gem obtained its varied hues because it passed over a rainbow on its long journey from the earth’s center to its surface. The term tourmaline comes from the Singhalese words 'tura mali', which means stone with many colors. Many tourmalines actually have two colors, one visible in daylight and the other visible only in incandescent light. Major deposits of tourmaline are found I Brazil, South Africa and Sri Lanka. Tourmalines have an interesting characteristic that has fascinated scientists for some time; when heated then allowed to cool, this gemstone develops and electrical charge.

Tourmaline Myth, Legend and Folklore

Tourmaline has long been the topic of myth and legend. Crystal healing experts say that tourmaline is able to strengthen the mind and the spirit and is particularly beneficial for the nervous system, blood circulation and lymph glands. It is also considered beneficial for artists and writers as it is said to inspire creativity. The stone is also known as “the peace stone,” because it is believed to dispel violence and promote peace. Pink tourmaline is associated with the heart chakra, watermelon tourmaline with the brow chakra and green tourmaline with the throat chakra.

Famous Tourmaline

Catherine the Great of Russian owned a tourmaline the size of a pigeon’s egg. For many years the stone was actually thought to be a ruby.

The Ideal Stone

Whatever color stone is your favorite you are almost certain to find a tourmaline with that shade from black to blue and green to red. The most expensive tourmalines are pink rubellite, green verdelite and blue indicolite. Care must be taken to protect tourmaline from scratches and sharp blows and also big temperature changes.

Features

  • Hardness: 7-7.5
  • Refractive Index: nω=1.635–1.675, nε=1.610–1.650
  • Specific Gravity: 3.0-3.25
  • Birthstone: October
  • Wedding anniversary: 5th year

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