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Grass Plugs

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There are many different types of grass plugs. The types are divided into cool season grasses and warm season grasses. Those types are further divided into annual grasses and perennial grasses.

Annual grasses are temporary grasses—they only grow for one season, and will die out at the end of the season. Perennial grasses can live for a long time, but that time depends on the care the homeowner gives the grass.

Choosing the Right Grass Plug

When choosing grass plugs, choose a grass that will grow well in the coldness zone where it will be planted. If the homeowner lives in Florida, the coldness zones are 8 through 11, depending on which part of Florida he or she is in. St. Augustine, Zoysia, Centipede, Bahia, Bermuda and Buffalo grasses are warm season grasses that do well in the warmer climates, but generally do not live for more than one season in the cooler climates.

When the homeowner selects a type of grass plug, he or she should take into consideration climate, shade, drought tolerance, salt tolerance, cost and the amount of time he or she can devote to the lawn.

The Best Time for Planting

Prior to ordering grass plugs, check the best time for planting. Most grasses should be planted in the spring or summer. Warm season grasses grow the best when the daytime temperature is 80 degrees Fahrenheit or above. Planting in the spring or early summer affords them the most amount of time to become established at optimal temperatures. Temperatures should be over 65 degrees Fahrenheit, and there should be no danger of frost when planting grass plugs.

If you must plant in the late summer or early fall, be sure that the grass plugs have at least seven to eight weeks of temperatures over 65 degrees Fahrenheit, or else they may not survive through the winter months. There should also be no chance of frost at night during the seven to eight weeks. Cooler nights will slow the growth of the grass plugs.

Grass plugs are generally 2 square inches. The ground should be prepped prior to ordering grass plugs, so they can be planted as soon as they arrive. The homeowner can dig 2x2 inch holes with a spade, or he or she can purchase a grass plug planter. This is a tool that is pushed into the ground to remove a plug of soil that is the size of the grass plug.

Caring for Grass Plugs

Set each grass plug into its hole, and then push some of the dirt back into the hole around the sides of the grass plug. Pack the dirt around the edges. When the plugs are planted, water the lawn well. If the homeowner has a large area, he or she should mark off squares—when each square is done, he or she should water that square. Grass plugs need to be watered every day until they become established.

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