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What is a Class C Felony?

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A Class C Felony is, in states like Alabama, the lowest felony class. In states like New York, the Class C felony is classified below the Class B felony, but is more serious and carries harsher penalties than the Class D felony. Examples of Class C felonies include involuntary manslaughter, second degree assault, and stealing above $500 value, but less than $2,500.00.

Class C Felony Sentences

The standard sentence for a Class C felony is a minimum of one year plus one day and a maximum of 10 years.

Class C Felony Enhancements

  • If a firearm or deadly weapon was used during the commission of the crime, then the minimum sentence is enhanced to not less than 10 years
  • If the crime involves a criminal sex act with a child, the minimum sentence is also enhanced to 10 years
  • If the crime is defined as a hate crime motivated by the victims race, color, religion or disability, the minimum sentence is enhanced to two years.

The minimum and maximum sentences for Class C felonies can be enhanced for any crime of a violent nature or one with aggravated circumstances, and reduced for mitigating circumstances.

Class C Felony Penalties for Habitual Offenders

  • If a person has one prior felony conviction and commits a Class C felony, the punishment will be the same as a Class B felony (2 to 20 years hard labor).
  • If a person has two prior felony conviction and commits a Class C felony, they will be sentenced to the standard Class A felony term of life, or not more than 99 years, and not less than 10 years hard labor.
  • If a person has has three prior felony convictions and commits a Class C felony, the punishment will be life up to 99 years and not less than 15 years hard labor.

Fines, Restitution and Surcharges

Any person convicted of a Class C felony can be sentenced to pay a fine of up to $15,000, as well as restitution that covers damages and expenses and will have to pay a 30% surcharge to the court.

*The laws and penalties regarding felony classes and offenses vary for each state, however Alabama law presents a fair and clear representation of penal law, and is used in this article to offer a basic understanding of the Class C felony. The information contained in this article should not be construed as legal advice, and those accused of a Class C felony should seek legal counsel immediately.

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