New Hampshire is known as the "Granite State," a nickname that refers not only to the quarries that once drove the state's industry, but to the stoic self-sufficiency of its people. This independent spirit is also exemplified by New Hampshire's official motto, "Live Free or Die." Since 1952, the New Hampshire primary has been considered the proving ground for Republicans and Democrats seeking the nominations of their party.
Settled by the British in 1623, New Hampshire was one of the original thirteen colonies that revolted during the American Revolution. In 1788, it was admitted to the union as the 9th state. With its summer lakeside cottages, winter ski resorts, and breathtaking fall foliage, New Hampshire draws tourists all year round.