History Van Lear,Kentukywas incorporated as a city in the year 1912. The Townwas constructed by consolidation coal company ( CONSOL ). It was named in honour of a wealthy maryland businessmannamed van lear black, who was connected with "CONSOL". The vast coal deposits were mined by five underground mines that operated arouund the clock. The miners were a cosmopolitation mix of irish, italian, SLAV, AND NATIVE KENTUCKIANS. The workers included both whites and blacks.