The City of Shelbyville, Tennessee was established by an act of the Tennessee Legislature in 1809. The southern half of Bedford County, as it then existed, was taken away from Bedford to form Lincoln and Moore Counties. The County seat of Bedford County had been established at or near the Mulberry Community, south of Lynchburg, hence, the remaining territory forming Bedford County was without a county seat. The legislature appointed a total of seven commissioners to fix a place on Duck River within two miles of the center of the county on a line east and west and as much nearer the actual center east and west as a suitable situation can be procured. The act directed the Commissioners to "purchase one hundred acres of land at the place which they may fix...and...lay off said hundred acres of land into a town, to be known by the name of SHELBYVILLE, reserving near the center thereof a public square of two acres, on which the courthouse and stocks shall be built, likewise reserving any other lot... for the purpose of having a jail built hereon, for the use of the County of Bedford." Instead of buying land on which to locate SHELBYVILLE, the new County seat, a member of the Community, Mr. Clement Cannon, donated one hundred acres of land where SHELBYVILLE now stands, for the location. The site was plotted into lots as directed, and very soon merchants came and established new businesses.