Simmons College of Kentucky, was established by former slaves to provide traning for the sons and daughters of slaves. Founded in 1879 as the Kentucky Normal & Theological Institute, the college was unique because of her black owned, controlled, and financially supported makeup. Owned by the General Association of Colored Baptists in Kentucky, she become a university in 1884, after a charter amendment. She trained most of the black teacher, ministers, lawyers and physicians in the state of kentucky and after the passage of the Day Low, legalizing segregation in 1904, State University become the Only black higher education institution with medical and law department, in the nation. State University was such a notable institution of excellence that graduates of the state-supported schools were required to take additional courses at Simmons University in order to qualify for a state teaching certificate.