Dr. Vladimir Alexander is the founding partner of Alexander Orthopaedic Associates. He grew up in Cleveland, Ohio, graduated cum laude from John Carroll University, and earned his medical degree from the Ohio State University College of Medicine with honors in orthopaedic surgery. He completed a general surgical internship and his orthopaedic surgery residency at The Mt. Sinai Medical Center Cleveland, a teaching hospital of the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. He then served as Chief Resident of the Division of Orthopaedic Surgery at The University of Alabama Hospitals in Birmingham. At the completion of his residency, Dr. Alexander obtained additional hand and upper extremity training at The Cleveland Orthopaedic and Spine Hospital, an affiliate of The Cleveland Clinic Foundation.Dr. Alexander has authored and co-authored numerous articles and has made national presentations related to orthopaedic surgery. He is a consultant for Depuy Orthopaedics and lectures nationally on the surgical treatment of wrist fractures. Dr. Alexander is also the inventor and developer of the LATKA system (laser assisted total knee arthroplasty). This system provides laser guidance to surgeons during knee and hip replacement surgery. The technology improves the accuracy and precision of such operations, resulting in improved surgical results and outcomes. Dr. Alexander is certified in Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS). He is a member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and the American Medical Association. He is board certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery.Dr. Penello is a Board certified Orthopaedic Surgeon with fellowship training in Hand and Upper Extremity surgery. He was raised in Toronto, Ontario, Canada where he completed his Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology at York University, graduating summa cum laude. He earned his medical degree from the University of Toronto in 2002 with honors and was admitted to the prestigious Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society. He subsequently completed his internship and orthopaedic surgery residency at the University of Toronto where he received several awards for academic achievement, teaching ability and humanitarianism. Dr. Penellos interest in health policy, process improvement and commercialization of medical devices led him to complete a Health Sector MBA at the Rotman School of Management in Toronto during his residency. Most recently, he completed a Hand and Upper Extremity Fellowship at the world-renowned Cleveland Clinic, in Cleveland Ohio.Dr. Penello has been involved with numerous research projects. He has also authored and co-authored publications in the United States and Canada. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, and a member of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Canadian Orthopaedic Association.